Deductive Reasoning Worksheet Paper Homework Help Assignment

Deductive Reasoning Worksheet Paper Homework Help

Select the answer that represents the proper standard form for the following statement: “A few bears are not mammals.”

a. Not all bears are mammals

b. Most bears are mammals

c. Some bears are not mammals

C is the correct answer.

1. A deductive argument is one in which the arguer attempts to demonstrate that

a. The conclusion necessarily follows from the premises

b. The conclusion probably follows from the premises

c. The conclusion is a projection based on the premises

______ is the correct answer

2. Which of the following are forms of deductive arguments?

a. Inductive generalization and truth-functional arguments

b. Categorical syllogisms and truth-functional arguments

c. Analogical arguments and categorical syllogisms

______ is the correct answer

3. We can identify an argument as truth functional if

a. The conclusion is of the argument probably true

b. There are at least four claims in the argument

c. The claims relate to all, none or some members of a category

d. The claims use operators such as “or” “if/then”

______ is the correct answer

4. We can identify an argument as categorical deductive if

a. The conclusion is of the argument probably true

b. There are at least four claims in the argument

c. The claims relate to all, none, or some members of a category

d. The claims use operators such as “or” “if/then”

______ is the correct answer

5. Identify the kind of argument: “The airbag in Jose’s car failed to deploy when he crashed, and anyone whose airbag fails to deploy in a accident will get hurt. Thus, Jose certainly got hurt.

a. Inductive generalization

b. Categorical deductive

c. Truth-functional deductive

_______ is the correct answer

6. Identify the kind of argument: “Either Naomi goes bowling or Miguel studies. Miguel does not study and Naomi goes bowling. It follows that, if Miguel does not study, then Naomi goes bowling.

a. Inductive generalization

b. Categorical deductive

c. Truth-functional deductive

______ is the correct answer

7. Select the answer that represents the proper standard form for the following statement: “Only cows are mammals”

a. All cows are mammals.

b. All mammals are cows.

c. Some mammals are cows.

_______ is the correct answer

8. Select the answer that represents the proper standard form for the following statement: “Ducks are the only birds in the pond.”

a. All ducks are birds in the pond.

b. No birds in the pond are not ducks.

c. All birds in the pond are ducks.

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